Sunday, May 24, 2020
All behavior caused by external stimuli operant conditioning). All behavior can be explained without the need to consider internal mental states or consciousness. John B. Watson, Ivan Pavlov, B.F. Skinner, are Classical conditioning Pavlov, Operant conditioning, Stimulus response that assumes a learner is essentially passive, responding to environmental stimuli. The learner starts off as a clean slate and behavior is shaped through positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement. Both positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement increase the probability that the antecedent behavior will happen again. In contrast, punishment both positive and negative decreases the likelihood that the antecedent behavior will happen again. PositiveÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦After the meat powder and bell were presented together several times, the bell was used alone. PavlovÃ¢â¬â¢s dogs, as predicted, responded by salivating to the sound of the bell without the food. The bell began as a neu tral stimulus (i.e. the bell itself did not produce the dogs. However, by pairing the bell with the stimulus that did produce the salivation response, the bell was able to acquire the ability to trigger the salivation response. Pavlov therefore demonstrated how stimulus-response are formed. He dedicated much of the rest of his career further exploring this finding. In technical terms, the meat powder is considered an unconditioned stimulus and the dogÃ¢â¬â¢s salivation is the unconditioned response. The bell is a neutral stimulus until the dog learns to associate the bell with food. Then the bell becomes a conditioned stimulus which produces the conditioned response of salivation after repeated pairings between the bell and food. John B. Watson further extended PavlovÃ¢â¬â¢s work and applied it to human beings. Around 1921, Watson studied Albert, an 11-month-old infant child. The goal of the study was to condition Albert to become afraid of a white rat by pairing the white rat w ith a very loud noise. Behavior modification is a technique concerning the change in the undesired behavior and enhancing desired behavior. It is an approach that aims to modify the behavior of aShow MoreRelatedBehaviorism : A Psychological Perspective1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesArthur Espinoza Professor McMahon Psychology 101 11/2/15 Behaviorism Behaviorism is a psychological perspective that focuses on an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior. The main theorist behind this perspective was John Broadus Watson, who established the psychological school of behaviorism. Through his behaviorist views, he spectated the behavior of humans and animals when put into different situations. Watson published and article titled Ã¢â¬Å"Psychology as the Behaviorist Views itÃ¢â¬ where he explained his positionRead MoreThe Theory Of Classical Conditioning1035 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesClassical conditioning is a form of learning that is taught to us through experiences we encounter in our lives. It involves outside stimuli to trigger the condition we have learned to expect. For example, the sound of a lunch bell would trigger our stomach to start growling soon after hearing the bell ring. The expectation of food to come soon after hearing the bell and satisfy our hunger is what makes our stomach growl. This is something learned over time. Expecta tions can be both good andRead MoreOperant Conditioning and Skinners Method1158 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Operant Conditioning Introduction Operant conditioning is also referred to as instrumental conditioning and is reported as a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning an association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior. (Cherry, 2007) Operant conditioning was first examined by B.F. Skinner, a behaviorist and this is why it is referr3ed to as Skinnerian conditioning. (Cherry, 2007) Skinner held thatRead MoreAll Our Personalities Is Unique Essay1212 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdevelop explanations of behavior; behaviorist believe that personality develops as people interact with others in their environments. Thus, personality development is a complex process but there are many potential environmental influences that help to shape it (Moore, 2013). Behaviorism is a theory of personality that sees everything in terms of conditioning. The theory was founded by John B. Watson who believed that our responses to environmental stimuli shape our behavior. Behaviorist such as IvanRead More Behaviorism Essay1778 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesBehaviorism Psychology is the science of behavior. Psychology is not the science of the mind. Behavior can be described and explained without making reference to mental events or to internal psychological processes. The sources of behavior are external (in the environment), not internal (in the mind). Behaviorism is a doctrine, or a set of doctrines, about human and nonhuman animal behavior. An important component of many psychological theories in the late nineteenth century were introspectionRead MoreBehaviorism and Classical Conditioning Essay3350 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesAbstract The year 1913 marks the birth of the most radical of all psychological concepts, that of Behaviorism (Moore, 1921). Since the original behavioral theories were studied by scientists such as Edward Thorndike and John B. Watson, there have been many variations of the behaviorist view that have surfaced over the years. In this paper I will attempt to give a detailed description of the history of behaviorism including information about some of the most influential men associated with thisRead MoreBehavioral Social Cognitive Views of Learning2981 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesÃ¯â § Ã¯â § Ã¯â § Ã¯â § Definitions of Behavioral Learning Theory Classical Conditioning Ã¢â¬â Pavlov Operant Conditioning - Skinner Trial-and-error Learning / The Law of Effect - Thorndike Social Learning Theory - Bandura I. Ã¯â ¨ Behavioral Learning Theories: Explanations of learning that focus on external events as the cause of changes in observable behaviorsÃ¢â¬ ¦ the behavioral view generally assumes that the outcome of learning is the change in behavior. (Woolfolk, 2010, p.198) Ã¯â ¨ Behavioral learning theoriesRead MoreThe Theory Of The Social Learning Theory1339 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStanley Hall and Arnold Gesell both American psychologists, described development as a maturational process. A genetically destined series of events that unravels automatically, like a flower. This led to the normative approach, in that measures of behavior are derived from a sample of people and calculated to generalize a representation in development (Berk, 2013, p.11). Research later sought to figure out individualistic development rather than the general population. Sigmund Freud a Viennese physicianRead MoreClassical Conditioning and Behavior2385 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesworldview that operates on a principle of Ã¢â¬Å"stimulus-response.Ã¢â¬ All behavior caused by external stimuli (operant conditioning). All behavior can be explained without the need to consider internal mental states or consciousness. Originators and important contributors: John B. Watson, Ivan Pavlov, B.F. Skinner, E. L. Thorndike (connectionism), Bandura, Tolman (moving toward cognitivism) Keywords: Classical conditioning (Pavlov), Operant conditioning (Skinner), Stimulus-response (S-R) Behaviorism BehaviorismRead MoreThe Thinking Rat, By Oskar Pineno1194 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdriven animal whose behaviors intend to get the most from what the surrounding environment has to offer. (Pineno, 2010, p.106) These behaviors are driven by some surprisingly complex and interesting mental abilities. Two of these mental abilities I find most interesting are causal reasoning and metacognition. I am pairing these two mental abilities because together they take down the traditional view of them being an animal that automatically reacts without thinking to stimuli. (Pineno, 2010, p.105)
Thursday, May 14, 2020
A. Attention Getter: So IÃ¢â¬â¢m pretty sure everyone here has had an important assignment to complete before like a project or essay. And most of us usually plan it out where we do a portion of it every day. For example, something like this chart here. But then the next thing you know, the deadline is fast approaching and you still havenÃ¢â¬â¢t come close to completing your assignment. And we end up somewhere like this. Well, I believe that we can all relate to this and we have all done this to ourselves before. IÃ¢â¬â¢m talking about procrastination. B. Social Significance: For many of us, procrastination is a strong and inexplicable force that prevents us from completing our important and urgent tasks. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s like the same thing when you bring the likeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦b. The limbic system is one of the oldest and dominate parts of our brain, and itÃ¢â¬â¢s always on automatically (Spencer 2014). It tells you to put your hand away from fire, and to run away from undesirable tasks. It tells you to go for immediate mood repair says, Timothy A. Pychyl, Ph.D., a psychology professor from Carleton University. The prefrontal cortex is a newer and weaker part of our brain. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the part that allows us to process information and make decisions. This is also what separates us humans from animals, who just follow their stimulus, says Timothy A. Pychyl, Ph.D., author from Procrastinators Digest: A Concise Guide to Solving the Procrastinators Puzzle. But this part of our brain isnÃ¢â¬â¢t turned on automatically. For it to function, we have to switch it on ourselves (Spencer 2014). We have to actually sit down and do our homework, project, or whatever assignment we need to actually complete. And the moment you arenÃ¢â¬â¢t working on your task, your limbic system takes over and you give in to what feels good, you start procrastinating (Spencer 2014). Transition: After learning about the science behind procrastination, I want to talk about why we procrastinate. B. Main Point 2: Why do we procrastinate? a. In the Washington Post article: The Real Reasons You Procrastinate, Swanson tells us, psychologists believe in a concept called the Ã¢â¬Å"present and future self.Ã¢â¬ ItÃ¢â¬â¢s basically the idea that even though we know we are the sameShow MoreRelatedBaby Steps : How And How Can These Be Avoided?1179 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmeans to say. Rereading or backward movements become a way of assessing whether or not the words on the page adequately capture the original sense intended. Also, Sommers takes time and talks about speech and writing and what differentiates the two.Ã¢â¬ (WaW Pg. 631) The act of revision is what separates speech from written text. One is able to revise and to craft a well- written text, but is not able to do so from something spoken. In the past week I have spent time and conducted a survey consisting ofRead MoreVisualization on How Self-Handicapping Can Lead to Procrastination and Low Self-Esteem2379 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesVisualization on how Self-Handicapping Can Lead to Procrastination and Low Self-Esteem Self-esteem is the central component of every individualÃ¢â¬â¢s daily life experiences. Self esteem can be defined as a personÃ¢â¬â¢s evaluation of the self, e.g. Ã¢â¬Å"I am not satisfied with meÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"I like me.Ã¢â¬ We perform self-evaluations on ourselves everyday; it is a non conscious process where as only the individual knows the end result. Important domains affect us, and unimportant domains do not (things tailored specificallyRead MoreInformative Speech Study Drugs and College Students Essay1104 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesInformative Speech Study Drugs and College Students I. Introduction A. Attention Getter: I reached into my backpack, grabbed an Adderall, and went to the bathroom. I smashed it on the bathroom sink and snorted it. I went back to my class and zipped through the rest of my exam, and it made all the difference. This student incident was found in a 2005 article published by Baylor University on the alarming use of Ã¢â¬Å"study drugs.Ã¢â¬ B. Thesis: Many of you may be unfamiliar with such a topic,Read MoreEssay about informative speech Bill Gates1577 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhether it be doing essays hours before theyÃ¢â¬â¢re due, 8 page research papers the night before, rushing to do last minute slides for a presentation or writing your informative speech thatÃ¢â¬â¢s a third of our grade, during every break I had. We all, including myself, procrastinate. We can all thank Bill Gates for making our times of procrastination slightly more bearable by creating the Microsoft software that is accessible, easy to use and constantly evolving to meet consumer needs. Ã B. Thesis Statement:Ã TodayRead MoreEnglish Proverbs and Sayings8785 Words Ã |Ã 36 Pagesnew words easier better because proverbs and sayings are logical and expressive statements. When pupils learn proverbs and sayings they train their memory, learn how to select necessary words and also develop the emotional expressiveness of their speech. The necessity to find the appropriate Russian equivalents for English proverbs and sayings helps pupils to develop their ability to choose lexical items adequately, stimulates pupilsÃ¢â¬â¢ desire to use dictionaries and improves their translating skillsRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 Pagesmanagement textbook, it is important that you understand its distinctive learner-focused features especially the five-step learning model: Skill Assessment, Skill Learning, Skill Analysis, Skill Practice, and Skill Application. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll also find informative research on how much managersÃ¢â¬â¢ actions impact individual and organizational performance, and the characteristics of effective managers. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Thoughtfully complete the Skill Assessment surveys in each chapter. These diagnostic tools are designed toRead MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words Ã |Ã 658 PagesSource: The Salvation Army News, 5 July (2005). Ã¢â¬ËAddressing lessons fro m the emergency response to the 7 July 2005 London bombingsÃ¢â¬â¢, UK Home OfÃ¯ ¬ ce, 22 September (2006). 11 12 Source: The Washington Post, 8 April (2006). Source: Shaw CliftonÃ¢â¬â¢s speech, Ã¢â¬ËWelcome and Dedication MeetingÃ¢â¬â¢, Kensington, London, 8 April 2006. ECS8C_C08.qxd 22/10/2007 11:49 Page 675 BELIEF IN ACTION: THE SALVATION ARMY, A GLOBAL NOT-FOR-PROFIT ORGANISATION 675 APPENDIX 1 Salvation Army international
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Life, Death and Argumentative Essay To compose a fantastic argumentative essay, there are four important pieces of the essay you're likely to have to know about. If you're new to writing argumentative essays, there are a couple of important factors which you can learn that may help you compose a greater argumentative essay. Before writing an argumentative essay, there's one important thing you should know. You may have a look at the extra info about how to compose an eye-catching essay introduction with a hook. The structure of your paper's outline is just like the structure of your whole essay. Argumentative essay format is dependent on your professor's requirements, because there isn't any frequent pattern for each and every essay. Then you need to endeavour to select the right argumentative essay format. You have to make sure you remain on that 1 side during your whole essay. You can also see essay examples. Remember that the period of your essay is dependent upon the assignment provided to you. Therefore, essays are often quite subjective and offer a point-of-view of the student. The New Fuss About Argumentative Essay To begin with, let's define the kinds of argument available and strategies that you may follow. An argumentative essay is a kind of thesis or composition in which you have to present your view and try to convince others your facts and arguments are correct. After you have selected a topic, you should take into consideration your stance. When you are requested to opt for a great topic for your argument, start with something you're familiarized with. If you really need to get individuals to find things your way, you will need to convince them with evidence and facts. If you would like to learn what an argumentative essay is, the very first thing you need to reme mber is that its principal aim is to convince the audience to accept your perspective. The chief reason why somebody is writing an argumentative essay is to make an effort to persuade or sway another man or perhaps a group of men and women in your rightness in a particular theme. Among the very best custom essay writing services is here to assist you, as we're well conscious of how you can't do everything at the same time, and it's a standard thing whenever there are simply too many things happening at the exact time. A standard argument raised against using school uniforms is the fact that it denies students an opportunity to completely express themselves. Choose from popular topics that folks are passionate about. In the debut, that is the very first paragraph of the essay, Myrtle will want to spell out the problem and state her position. To put it differently, you want to attempt to comprehend where they're coming from. Writers of argumentative reports ought to take car e to keep a scholarly tone when presenting their argument and prevent incorporating the usage of personal anecdotes and unsupported claims. In practice, but the committee has the ability to order many sorts of censorship in any scene they see as inappropriate. Needless to say, you must concentrate on supporting your thesis statement as opposed to the opponents. You can make an article about each topic or question they haveif you get 10 responses, you've got 10 distinct posts or articles to gather. Be aware that it's imperative to offer only up-to-date details. Look through the list of topics cautiously and start making a mental collection of the evidence you're able to use on topics you prefer. Since you can see there are a great deal of templates and topics to refer on. Things You Won't Like About Argumentative Essay and Things You Will Inspiration to make your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn't tricky to discover. Bear in mind that sources are an ess ential part of the paper. An argumentative essay is a writing piece intended to persuade a person to believe the way that you do. Essentially anything that has to be understood before reading the remainder of the essay is background info, and ought to be included in the introduction. It is crucial to check reviews about essay writing services in order to be confident they can deliver your task before the deadline. It is possible to take my online IELTS Writing Practice Test anywhere on earth and find a score, corrections, and feedback in only two days. Be certain to read online essay writing service reviews in order to know what type of material you are spending for. Apparently, not only plagiarism factor is crucial, but likewise the overall quality of a custom made paper.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
The play is entitled Twelfth Night or What You Will and was actually performed to the Queen on Twelfth Night Essay Example For Students
The play is entitled Twelfth Night or What You Will and was actually performed to the Queen on Twelfth Night Essay The play is entitled Twelfth Night or What You Will and was actually performed to the Queen on Twelfth Night. Twelfth Night is the twelfth and last night of Christmas, traditionally a time of holiday and festival eg. Feast of Fools. In the time of Shakespeare a Lord of Misrule was chosen usually a servant who became , for a short period, master of the household, in charge of an up-side down world were everything is not as it seemed, like the play. Shakespeare elects to specify Ilyria as the setting of the play. Ilyria was know to Shakespeare and his contemporaries as the actual region off the coast of the Adriatic Sea in what is today Albania. As such, it was a distant land with which the English of the time had very little contact, and therefore a generically exotic setting for a play replete with romance and intrigue, as well as one that offered the preconditions for a shipwreck. A modern audience might find a comparison with Disneyland. A fool can be defined in many ways according to the Collins English Dictionary. The word could mean a person lacking in sense and judgement, a person made to appear ridiculous, one who professionally counterfeits folly for the entertainment of others, a jester or clown or someone unwise, silly and absurd. Shakespeares fools cover the broad spectrum of these definitions but the most obvious at first glance is Feste who is defined as the professional fool. Malvolio, Viola, Olivia, the knights Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" Sir Toby and Sir Andrew also all fit the definitions of a fool and are characters which Shakespeare presents purposely to create the chaotic romantic comedy. It is evident from the name of the character, Malvolio, that Shakespeare intended him to be disliked by the other characters in the play and the audience as mal in French means bad according to the Collins English Dictionary mal- is a combining form for anything that is bad eg. malaria . Malvolio in the Renaissance film directed by Trevor Nunn is dressed in a black suit and a black cloak which stresses the idea that Malvolio is a Puritan. It is likely that the characters in the play and the audience recognise this as for example Andrew Aguecheek says suitor to Olivia If I thought he was a puritan I would beat him for it. Puritans were a very fanatical group who believed for example that the theatre was a wicked place and that people should only meet together in church. At the time of the play was written Puritan movements were very active and were campaigning for the theatre to be closed. Understandably, Shakespeare did not like the Puritans because of this threat as he would be out of work and would not be able to express his art to people. Consequently, Shakespeare uses the character Malvolio as a device to show his hatred for Puritans and to make a mockery of them in front of a theatre going anti puritan audience. Through Malvolios speech and behaviour Shakespeare crafts an unlikeable character from the start, for example he is offensive to Feste, criticising him as a barren rascal who would be outwitted by an ordinary fool and is foolishly tactless saying I take theses wise men, that crow so at these set of kind of fools,no better than fools zanies which is unwisely insulting Olivias father and her also. In Act 2 Scene 2 we see Malvolio as lying, arrogant and self centred as he throws down the ring that Olivia has given him at Cesarios feet saying If it be worth stooping for,there it lies, in your eye; if not , be it his that finds it. , he is treating Cesario as if he is above him when he also is just a servant and the dramatic irony of it is that in her true identity Viola is above him. . He is obviously full of his self-importance and thinks he has the authority to change his orders from Olivia to what he thinks best as he incorrectly passes on the message that Cesario should not be neve r so hardy to come again in his affairs, unless it to be report your Lords taking of this. whereas infact Olivia wants him to come this way to-morrow. A Shakespearean audience would have been appalled with this behaviour from a servant and so Malvolio is a very emotive character. Malvolios tone of voice is portrayed to be pompous and snivelling by the Andrew Hawforth from the Renaissance film production which I studied to help with this essay. I think this is appropriate for the play from the way Malvolio treats others and the way in which he acts. The whole charade of Act 2 Scene 5 and Act 3 Scene 4 intensifies the purpose Malvolio is playing in Shakespeares desire to mock Puritans and show his hatred of them. Malvolio has dreams of grandeur and in Act 2 Scene 5 Shakespeare purposely makes a mockery out of the character by having him foolishly speaking aloud his humorous but unexpected inner thoughts. To contribute to the foolishness of his words as a director I would want Malvolio over dramatically acting out actions to his daydream for example on the line Calling my officers about me, I would want him to be waving his arms about in a pompous manner and on the lines I extend my hand to him thusÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦.. egard of control to be going through the actions of what he is saying This scene presents a dramatic irony as the audience knows that the tricksters are watching which Malvolio on stage does not. This dramatic irony is present also in Act 2 Scene 5 as the audience knows about the letter trick when Olivia does not. In both these instances the tricksters are present who also know exactly what is going on know therefore this is device forcing the audience onto a par with the trickster s so they are subconsciously being manipulated by Shakespeare to mock Malvolio. Both scenes are highly comical because of the unprecedented behaviour of Malvolio in his actions and words which lead to the conclusion that he is a fascist and a hypocritical fool as he loses all his prime and proper inhabitants because of his excitement in being desired by a woman. Malvolio gets very excited when he sees the letter on the ground in his ladys hand and says these be her very cs, her us and her ts. This statement is confusing as these letters do not correspond with anything in the inscription and could be put down to the Shakespeares carelessness, however why does Sir Andrew underline it after if this is so? According to an assumption by Prof. G. B. Harrison Malvolio is unconsciously guilty of a bawdy jest eg. cut meaning the female pudendum genitals. Malvolio in Act 3 Scene 4 continues ironically to make sexual references, he is desperate to bed with Olivia and misunderstands her in his excitement. Throughout the play he seems to have created a rather sad and somber exterior, in the film production he dresses in black and carries an expressionless face, however after reading the request of a smile he does not seem perturbed to do so I will smile. As a director after this line I would have Malvolio with a perfect smile on his face as if he has frequently practised which would make him seem even more as a joke. He is ridiculously stupid to wear the yellow cross gartered stockings and the outfit is a humorous dramatic device to make the audience laugh as after all the play is a comedy. Elizabethan and contemporary audiences alike would find a mans legs in cross-gatered stockings extremely funny because of the tendency for men to have funny shaped legs. I think this joke would appeal to a contemporary audience also, because of who the character is which even in a modern world can be associated with eg. the miserable manager. However, the contemporary audience may not find the added comedy of a Puritan acting in this way amusing as that bares relevance to the time of Shakespeare. The Renaissance video provides further comedy by Malvolio putting on a toupe before visiting Olivia which I think is an excellent idea as it perfectly fits in with the context of the play. To Kill a Mocking Bird by Harper Lee and The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison EssayViola and Sebastian are separated which also bears relevance to the fact that Hamnet and Judith are when Hamnet dies in 1596, the play was written four years later. Viola arguably is an unwise fool as she dresses up as a boy without thinking of repercussions such as the event of female attention. The gender muddle happens in another two of Shakespeares plays, Hamlet and Henry 1V. There were no decent females available to act therefore all female parts were played by young boys. However, it was hard to get a boy acting a believable woman therefore female charactervs dress up as males to combat the problem. Perhaps the reason for Shakespeare doing this was to create good excuse for male actors playing the female to act the correct sex. Viola is foolish not to sense the attraction Olivia has for her as the signals from as early as the first meeting seem clear Olivia hints to her she would like her to come again eg. unless perchance you come to me again, she unveils her curtain to show her the picture , this is especially shocking because of her mourning and she is conscious of how she looks to Viola Ist not well done? , which is strong sign of the attraction. In addition, when she talks to Viola she desires to be alone eg. Give us this place alone and Let the garden door be shut, and leave me to my hearingÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ . On the other hand Viola could been seen as being misjudged being called a fool as after all she disguised herself as a man to protect herself from the harm she would come to as a woman. It could also be said that a woman would not find it likely that she would be pe rceived as attractive by other women in disguise as a man so the problem naturally would not have arisen. Viola as a woman was not able to pick up the signals from Olivia properly that were being directed as if to a man.. Duke Orsino is evidently a very foolish character as from the outset of the play the audience is directed to the fickleness of his moods. For example, when he first orders music to accompany reverie over Olivia Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" If music be the food of love, play on but then suddenly commands it to be stopped Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" no-more! Although seemingly steadfast in his suit for Olivia in the first scene, as the play unravels it appears that Orsino is not truly in love with Olivia but in love with his role as an irrational lover immersed in a romantic reverie. As he seems to revel in long poetic like prose full of romantic imagery eg. the lamb that I doth love of his love for Olivia . This is indeed foolish, as Orcenio does not seem to know his own emotions and intentions. Orsino could also be called foolish to not realise Violas intentions towards him as she does make it obvious on some occasions for example when she says she is in love and Orsino inquires What kind of woman ist and she replies Of your complextion and continues to say she is of his years too. In the video production Viola played by Imogen Stubbs makes it quite obvious from the way she looks at Orsino that she is in love with him yet he is man not looking for these kind of signals from another so therefore maybe he is not a fool in this respect. Additionally Maria and Toby are also fools as perceptive Feste suggests there is something between Maria and Toby but they are too foolish to act upon it eg. Maria tells Feste no more of that. Toby obviously holds some affection for Maria as he names her Penthesila Queen of the Amazons half in admiration and half in jest at Marias diminutive size. There are certain hurdles which are barriers for them getting together for example Sir Tobys foolishness in the respects that he is a person who lacks sense or judgement and is unwise, silly and absurd due to his permanent drunkenness with the other knight, Sir Andrew Aguecheek as observed by Olivia he is half drunk all of the time. Both are foolish to feel the social difference is a bar rier because in true love barriers can be over come. Sir Toby combined with Sir Andrew make a very funny comic duo and their humorous antics together are still funny for a contemporary audience as they echo a comedy duo were one bounces off the other in the sketch. The charade of the sword-fight is reflective of a comedy sketch of today and in the play is a good comical dramatic device to get the audience laughing. It is very comical when Sir Toby sets up Viola and Sir Andrew saying to each how much a devil fighter each one is when Viola does not want to fight and Sir Andrew is wimpish. In Elizabethan times women did not fight and it is humorous, particularly to a Elizabethan audience that Sir Andrew is terrified of a girl. The mix-up between Viola and Sebastian is also highly comical and really shows Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" up the characters Sir Toby, Sir Andrew and especially Olivia for not recognising a person who she proclaims love. In the conclusion of Twelfth Night every one is happily paired like the madness of the festival time of Christmas ends the madness of the mix-ups and confusion is resolved which is reminiscent of the theme that the path to find true love is never simple and many barriers arise. However Malvolio is a character who does not get paired off but finishes with saying I will be revengd on the whole pack of you, which ironically 40 years later after the time of the writing of the play in the English Civil War the puritans, lead by Oliver Cromwell triumphed over the royalists with Charles 1st. Shakespeare would also not want Malvolio finding love as a Puritan. However Malvolio is a complicated character as even though is arrogant and a kill-joy maybe he did not deserve the long Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" drawn out cruel treatment that he received from Maria, Sir Toby and Feste . From a contemporary audiences point of view, consequently, Malvolio earns both derision and sympathy for the way he is treated, especially from the mean Feste. However, this probably would not be so from a theatre loving Shakespearean audience who have just watched an excellent play which the Puritans would want to ban therefore they would not feel sympathies for a Puritan. In reflection Shakespeare has cleverly presented the fools in the play for many purposes which collectively is to bring humour and wit to the play whos comedy is timeless.
Friday, April 3, 2020
Natural disasters affect many individuals throughout the world. One natural disaster that was known to affect the lives of thousands of Americans is Hurricane Katrina. One particular person affected by this hurricane is a man named Abdulrahman Zeitoun, who ventured through the destructed city of New Orleans helping those in need, while experiencing the malevolent actions placed upon him. Abdulrahman Zeitoun is an individual that underwent an enormous change as a result of Hurricane Katrina. AbdulrahmanÃ¢â¬â¢s faith was being tested. After the hurricane, Zeitoun experienced many unfortunate events throughout New Orleans and was accused of looting and suspected of being a terrorist taking advantage of the anarchy New Orleans was in. Zeitoun thought he was doing Ã¢â¬Å"[GodÃ¢â¬â¢s] workÃ¢â¬ (Eggers 262) by staying in the destructed city and helping those in need, explained in Dave EggersÃ¢â¬â¢ book, Zeitoun. How could a man continue to believe in his faith in God when things he thought were right brought misfortune to him? Zeitoun started to doubt his religion, his God. We will write a custom essay sample on Losing Faith in Dave Eggers Zeitoun or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page A change which he experienced due to the results of Katrina. The love towards AbdulrahmanÃ¢â¬â¢s wife, Kathy Zeitoun, diminished as a result of the hurricane. As stated in Naomi MartinÃ¢â¬â¢s article of the trial between Kathy and Abdulrahman, Kathy Zeitoun was considered as his ex-wife, indicating the bond between husband and wife was no more. The separation between the couple could also be considered as Abdulrahmans disbelief in his faith, since he believed the things God hated most were murder, divorce, and waste (Eggers 48). The divorce with Kathy showed Abdulrahmans faith in his religion slowly fading. One of my classmates shared the fact that Zeitoun was such a God fearing man within Dave Eggers Zeitoun, no one would have guessed divorce was an outcome. My classmate, Andrea BrunnerÃ¢â¬â¢s, response towards the change Abdulrahman experienced was not a surprise for her since she believes people can change and we can never ge to know others very well. Even with Eggers book there are slight changes of Abdulrahmans character, so it should not be much of a surprise if it continues after the events of Katrinas aftermath. The results of Hurricane Katrina brought a heavy toll on AbdulrahmanÃ¢â¬â¢s mindÃ and body. He experienced a excruciating pain on his side, which continue to grow each day he spent in New Orleans. Abdulrahman Ã¢â¬Å"had lost [his] perspectiveÃ¢â¬ (Eggers 262), since the pain he experienced was considered a punishment from God for staying in Orleans, for not listening to those that warned him of the impending doom. As a strong believer towards his religion, Abdulrahman thought he was doing what God intended by staying, but instead was punished for what he thought was right. During his time in New Orleans Abdulrahman was confine within a makeshift prison cell, evaluating his life, beliefs, and prideful nature. At this moment in Dave EggersÃ¢â¬â¢ Zeitoun Abdulrahman accepts his predicament, God has abandoned him.Wounded within a cage, like a wild animal. Abdulrahman knew his current Ã¢â¬Å"environment would drive any sane man madÃ¢â¬ (Eggers 264) indicating that his mind is developing for the worst. Abdulrahman Zeitoun is a person who underwent an enormous change as a result of Hurricane Katrina. The confusion and detachment of his own faith, the marriage between him and Kathy, and the heavy toll Katrina had placed on Abdulrahman presented an enormous change on him. The downfall of Zeitoun shows how people can change at any moment throughout life and the hardship one experience can alter the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective completely.
Sunday, March 8, 2020
The Elgin Marbles essays Of all the museum collections in the world, none have such a tainted background as the Parthenon Sculptures in the British Museum. Upon mention of these sculptures, many heated discussions of imperialism, nationalism, ownership, and restitution arise. To understand this debate, one must disregard nationalism in order to neutrally examine the sculptures for what they are, art. This paper is an analysis about which country should be the proper house of the marbles based on the ideals of being reasonable and the knowledge of what the marbles truly symbolize. Though there are supportive arguments in favor of returning the marbles back to Greece, it would certainly remain in the best interest of the Parthenon Sculptures to remain in the British Museum. To be completely knowledgeable on this debate, one must know the origins of acquisition of the sculptures. During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, trends of examining ancient Greek and Roman culture took place in order to imitate many of the ancient social beliefs that influenced expansionist policies. This was evident all over Western Europe, but it was especially noticeable in England. In 1799, British man, Thomas Bruce, the 7th Earl of Elgin, was appointed to be the ambassador to Constantinople (Turkey). Bruce always had this idea, since being a boy, of wanting to make England more familiar with Greek art (greece.org/ parthenon/marbles/). At the time Turkey was occupying Greece, so Bruce took a group of painters, architects, and sculptures to Greece to begin this goal. This is the point where the debate begins. Critics of Lord Elgin cite that he did not obtain the proper authorial permission to actually extract the sculptures away from the Parthenon. At the time of obtainment of the sculptures, Elgin followed legal and standard procedures for the acquiring them. At the Parthenon, Bruce was initially allowed to only make drawings of artwork but wa...
Friday, February 21, 2020
Abortion rights supporting Pro-Life - Essay Example The opponents of abortion point out that aborting the foetus is equivalent to murder since life starts at conception and foetus can feel pain (Beckwith 45). One would argue that no civilised society that allows intentional harming others and taking human life without punishment. Pro-life arguments assert that abortions are unsafe and lead to medical complications that increase the chances of pelvic inflammatory diseases and miscarriages (Kaczor 76). However, pro-choice arguments assert that pro-life arguments are based on religious beliefs that vary depending on the cultural values of the society and modern medical abortion procedures are safe for the mother (Lee 56). The proponents of abortion assert that abortion is effective in birth and population control since mothers do not have sufficient resources to take care of unwanted children. According anti-pro-life arguments assert abortion is essential in cases of rape since it minimises the psychological trauma and stress that is ass ociated with unwanted pregnancies (Singer 34). This paper will critically discuss the pro-life arguments of abortion and demonstrate why abortion should be banned in the society. Abortion should be abolished since human life is sacred and aborting amounts to killing innocent unborn babies. The unborn baby has same rights as the mother who should be protect the right to life since life begins at conception (Lee 88). In this case, no civilised society allows for murder or intentional harm without any punishment and abortion should be treated the same. Abortion should not be used as a contraceptive or population control method since there are millions of childless couples willing to adopt unwanted children in the society (Beckwith 87). Reinman asserts that abortion is associated with severe medical complications that endanger the life of the mother (p 56). According to available medical statistics and expert opinions, women who abort have a higher likelihood of developing pelvic inflam matory disease and may experience miscarriages in the future (Beckwith 121). In this case, about 15 percent of the first-trimester miscarriages are related to prior abortion experiences. It is evident that abortion endangers the health of the mother by increasing the risks of reproductive diseases, cancer, ectopic pregnancies and infertility thus women should not undertake a process that can permanently damage their body. Physicians and gynecologists have a professional responsibility of safeguarding the dignity of life in their practice and observing the ethical guidelines that prohibit abortions and inducing the patient to undertake medical procedures that may lead to death. In this case, doctors must be on the forefront in discouraging abortions and encouraging other scientifically accepted and safe birth control methods. Abortion only provides an opportunity for medical personnel to make money as most of the abortion cases are not documented in the health facilities. In this cas e, abortion is not helpful the affected women and taxpayersÃ¢â¬â¢ money should not be wasted in setting up abortion clinics in the health facilities. Abortion eliminates the potential future societal contributions of the unborn baby thus reducing the economic, social and political benefits to the society (Kaczor 63). The society would be worse if national heroes such as scientists, presidents, entrepreneurs and other people who have made great changes to their communities and entire country were aborted (Lee 98). In this case, abortion must be abolished since the society has the duty to grant the unborn babies a chance to serve the community and make a difference on the